The challenges that Europe faces today, such as international competitiveness, climate change, energy security, demographic aging, all have a territorial aspect and hence a Neighbourhood dimension. An evidence base is needed by policy makers and practitioners in Europe, but also in the Neighbourhood, to understand and tap potentials, and cooperate on joint challenges and opportunities. This Territorial Observation draws on ESPON research that has been undertaken by researchers from many different countries in and around Europe. It gives a snapshot of the current relationships across the EU’s borders.
Numerous maps and results come from the ITAN project led by CIST.