The GlocalMap survey – Hiérarchisation, délimitation et identification des échelles territoriales – got selected in 2015 as part of a DIME Quanti call for projects (internet mobile ELIPSS panel).
According to many research in geography, sociology and political sciences, globalisation has induced a complex process of re-scaling, transforming all dimensions of social life. The idea generally admitted in a first stage of research postulated a kind of a short-cut of scales, linking local and global dynamics and weakening the role of other intermediate scales, and in particular the role of nation-state. But this initial paradigm has been further criticized on the basis of factual evidence as well as theoretical deepening of initial assumptions. For example, Brenner (1998) notice that « the state scale is not being eroded, but rearticulated and reterritorialized in relation to both sub- and supra-state scale ». At the same time F. Giraud or M. Vanier (2000) have strongly suggested to « better take into account the territorial complexity » and demonstrated the interest of the concepts of inter-territoriality (interterritorialités) and polycentrality (centralités multiples).
The current survey offers to contribute to the debate by producing a complete picture of the practice and representation of all territorial scales without a priori exclusion of any of them. Our original hypothesis is the fact that we are currently living a period of transition between two systems of scale : the traditional system inherited from the creation of nation state which has reach his equilibrium during XIXth century (Communes / Départements / État) and a new emerging system of scales that developed slowly during the XXth century under the pressure of many converging circumstances (war, urbanisation, decrease of transportation cost… ) and appears more and more as a challenger to the old system (Metropolitan areas / Regions / European Union).
The main assumption that we would like to test through the GLOCALMAP project is the fact that practices and representation of territorial level are fundamentally different in young and old generations, which could confirm (or infirm) the idea of a transition between two systems of territoriality. To do that it is necessary to control many other potential effects like temporal fluctuations, social and spatial variations, effect of experience of mobility, political attitude…